The Teacup Pomeranian, as the name suggests is a Small Breed of dog. This is often thought of as a special breed of dog, but it is really just a miniature Pomeranian that has been selectively bred to be small. The American Kennel Club actually distinguishes a small dog as anything that weighs less than 7 pounds. A Teacup dog -or “Toy” as recognized by the AKC - is even smaller and weighs 4 pounds or less when fully grown. It should be just as healthy as a standard-sized Pomeranian. The AKC actually lists the Toy Pomeranian as being between 3 and 7 pounds, so a good percentage of those meeting the Toy Standard could certainly be classified as Teacups by their owners or their breeders. This is a very controversial breed as they are easily sold and reproduced in “Puppy Mills,” otherwise known as breeding factories where dogs are bred solely for the purpose of profit and often times live in deplorable conditions. They can command a very high price and therefore attract people in it solely for profit. You can sign the petition to stop Puppy Mills on the site.
While we really recommend that you acquire one through a Teacup Pomeranian rescue we understand that some people might go through a Teacup Pomeranian breeder to get their Teacup Pomeranian puppy. That is, if they have any Teacup Pomeranian puppies for sale. Always screen your breeders as much as possible to ensure that you are getting as high a quality dog as is possible. I mean, who doesn’t love a puppy, but an older dog can oftentimes be the best dog for someone.
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Usually the way it plays out is, the smaller size of these guys, the Higher Price: The price of the teacup can range anywhere from $500 to well over $1,000.
It is amazing what these little dogs started out as and what selective breeding has accomplished. The Pomeranian was once a working dog used in herding sheep. In the 18th and 19th centuries, a Pomeranian typically weighed about 30 pounds. Now this breed is down to about 4-5 pounds! It was originally referred to as a Dwarf Spitz, the Spitz being a much larger dog and was the smallest of the Nordic breeds. It gets its name from Pomerania, a region of Northern Europe on the coast of the Baltic Sea where it was originally bred to herd sheep and even perform sled dog duties. I don’t think this little guy will be pulling much though. The breed became popular in Great Britain after Queen Victoria fell in love with a Pom in 1888 while vacationing in Florence, Italy. She brought one home with her, and the breed’s popularity took off.
Typically range from 3-4 pounds.
The Pomeranian has a proud and glamorous appearance with a personality to match. They are typically extroverted, clever and lively. These little guys get attention everywhere they go. They don’t always know how small they are with their take-charge temperament. They don’t act too fearful of strangers or other animals. They are actually thought of as a great watchdog as they will let you know when someone is around. He may weigh only a few pounds, but he views himself as absolute guardian of his home and family.
These aren’t always the best pets for young children. They are too delicate to be handled roughly, and kids can sometimes go overboard with them.
Even though this refers to acquiring one as a puppy, you can also get one through a rescue and find a little bit older, more mature and well socialized dog looking for a new home.
All dogs have the potential to develop genetic health problems as all breeds are susceptible to some things more than others. However, the one positive thing about getting a puppy is that you can avoid this as much as possible. A breeder should absolutely offer a health guarantee on puppies. If they won’t do this, then look no more and don’t consider that breeder at all. A reputable breeder will be honest and open about health problems in the breed and the incidence with which they occur. Health clearances prove that a dog has been tested for and cleared of a particular condition.
Here are some of the more prominent health concerns.
Cryptorchidism – This occurs in male Teacup Pomeranian dogs. This is when one or both of the dog’s testicles does not descend into the scrotum. Surgical removal of the retained testicles is the solution for this problem.
Luxating patella – This issue occurs when the patellar groove in the dog’s knee is too shallow for the patella or is not properly secure. The result is that the patella jumps out sideways of the groove (luxate) which causes the leg to lock the foot. The dog does not feel or show any pain from this occurrence, but it will eventually be limping.
Black skin disease – The combination of hyperpigmentation and alopecia (hair loss) seems to affect male Pomeranians more than females. This problem happens during a dog’s puberty phase but will occur at any point of the dog’s age. Do not confuse this illness with chronic skin infections, reproductive hormone disorders, Cushing’s syndrome or hypothyroidism.
Tracheal collapse – The windpipe of the dog often has tracheal rings weakening. When the weakening of the rings happens, the shape of the throat collapse and closes the dog’s airway. Should you hear your Teacup Pomeranian dog having a cough that sounds like a goose honk, having fainting spells and has an intolerance to some exercises, then it is possible that it has a tracheal collapse.
Mini Pomeranian dogs with merle colors have particular illnesses affecting only their kind. Colobomas, mild or severe deafness, microphthalmia, increased intraocular pressure and ametropia is some diseases that tiny Pomeranians suffer. Skeletal, cardiac and reproductive abnormalities also inflict the dog.
Pomeranians have what is called a double coat. The undercoat is soft and dense; the outer coat is long and straight with a coarse texture. Thanks to their extremely small size, Teacup Pomeranians are easy to groom. Plan on brushing their coat a few times a week to prevent mats or tangles.
These little guys do shed so you will need to plan on having hair on the sofa, floor, etc and brushing them often.
You will also need to invest in a really good vacuum cleaner. Bathe him as often as you think he needs it, but not too much where it will dry out his coat. Trim his toe nails every couple of months and brush his teeth or get him an approved bone to chew on that will clean them for you.
A lot of times diet is done on a per-dog basis. Each one is unique and has different dietary requirements. Most dogs in the U.S. are overweight. A mix like this one that is prone to hip and elbow dysplasia should really be on fish oil and glucosamine and chondroitin supplements as soon as possible.
Overfeeding any dog is not a good idea as that can really exacerbate health problems such as elbow and hip dysplasia.
A good diet to look into is Raw Food Diet.
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