The Mudi, also called a Hungarian Mudi or Canis Ovilis Fenyes, originated in Hungary in the 19th century.
Today the Mudi is considered to be a rare breed. At this point, there are less than a few thousand Mudik (the plural of Mudi) across the world. The majority of the Mudi are in Hungary with a few in Finland, and even fewer in Europe, the United States and Canada.
Mudik come in multiple colors such as black, brown, white, fawn, grey and cifra (marbling of black and gray). The Mudi is an active breed and loves to play. When inside the Mudi will enjoy its time with family and its owners; but when it goes outside, the high energy shines through.
It is believed that the Mudi naturally evolved from crosses of the Puli, Pumi and German Spitz-type breeds. Because of its distinguishing ears that prick up, the breed was then moved to be classified and registered in 1936.
Although originally the Mudi was a working dog and did mostly herding cattle as well as sheep, the Mudi is now also known for being a search and rescue dog in Finland as well as the United States.
Because there is such a small population of Mudik, it is yet to be recognized by the American Kennel Club, although the studbook for the breed is maintained by the American Kennel Club via its Foundation Stock Service, which is an optional recording service for purebreds that are not yet able to get registered with the American Kennel Club.
The Mudi is considered a medium-sized dog. The average height of a male Mudi is 16 to 18.5 inches, while a female is between 15 to 17.5 inches in height. The weight average for a male Mudi is 24 to 28 pounds. On the other hand, the Mudi female averages 17 to 24 pounds.
Aside from being a versatile farm dog that can hunt, catch vermin and herd animals, the Mudi is also a great guard dog, being able to alert and protect its home.
Generally the Mudi is friendly around the people it knows and loves to play. They are not usually shy and fearful or overjoyed at meeting new people. Once a Mudi learns a person, the breed usually becomes even more easy-going, affectionate and playful. With some early socialization, the Mudi is great with kids and other pets as well. Off characteristics like being shy or scared can also be easily be eliminated by socialization.
The Mudi breed enjoys to play different sports such as flyball, frisbee, and other outdoor activities. For this and other reasons, Mudik doesn't do well inside of apartments; and since Mudik bark often, this breed doesn’t do well in community housing areas due to the noise it makes. It is not an excessive barker but has been known to enjoy barking, some lines more than others.
Mudi live between 12 to 14 years old, and although it is a relatively healthy breed, the Mudi does have some known health issues. There have been reports of epilepsy, hip dysplasia, congenital cataracts, color dilution alopecia (“blue dog syndrome”), and other inherited health issues.
It is important for owners to take care of their Mudik by ensuring they go to their regularly scheduled appointments with their veterinarians. Keeping up with appointments means any health problems that may arise may be able to be controlled and taken care of sooner than later.
Mudi are easy to train and do well within a home. They should be treated as a member of the family not as an outside dog. As Mudi like to be near its family, the breed is usually quiet and comfortable in the home. Outside is when the high energy comes out.
Being high energy dogs by nature, they need daily exercise to get rid of some of it. They do like to dig, and that is an area that an owner needs to make a decision about (i.e. to give a Mudi a place to dig). The Mudi are definitely playful, but they can also be mischievous. If not exercised enough, they may try to jump over fences (and Mudik are exception jumpers) or dig under them. Keep them active and you won’t need to worry about any destructive behaviors.
The Mudi is a light-to-average shedder and does not need much grooming. Simply brush your Mudi once a week. That is the best way to keep Mudik groomed.
Here is a link to Mudi Club of America. Please check your local area for other rescues near you or to learn more about this breed.